What Is The Best AHCC Supplement

AHCC immune system boostAHCC has been studied extensively for its immune-boosting effects in humans and has the support of many clinical trials on various health conditions from viral and bacterial infections, to cancer and other chronic diseases in humans. Many people also take AHCC supplements for optimal health and well-being.

AHCC is a potent mushroom extract which has several beneficial effects in the body helping which are more potent than other immune system boosting beta glucan supplements you’ll typically find in the store.

Some AHCC supplements are used for research and also in the clinic to treat patients. This AHCC brand is one of the best available because of its purity level and that’s why its used in clinical research and universities.

Using advanced technology to culture and extract the contents from hybridized mycelia and other mushrooms which are fermented in rice bran, they’ve created a functional food supplement comprised mainly of alpha-glucans.

Active Hexose Correlated Compound provides both alpha-glucan and beta-glucans and offers far better absorption due to alpha glucans low molecular weight.

To make sure that this food supplement maintains its effectiveness, batches of AHCC are tested to see if they match the mushroom which was developed over 20 years ago. The manufacturers do this by performing routine DNA pattern testing.

According to AHCC Research, it has been used in 700 or more hospitals and clinics. It has been used to treat over 100,000 patients and there are now over 50 clinical studies looking at its effects for prevention and treatment of disease.

The best AHCC supplements available are the following

  1. Quality of Life – Premium Kinoko AHCC Supplement Platinum – Provides 1.5 grams per serving and is used for research purposes and clinically due to its high purity level and quality.
  2. Quality of Life AHCC RX – A supplement for those who want a lower maintenance dose (600 mg) and also on a budget
  3. Now Foods AHCC – Contains 500 mg per capsule or 750 mg for extra strength.


Scroll down for more information on these supplements.

Main benefits of AHCC

AHCC was developed to combat high blood pressure initially, but it was soon discovered to have other amazing benefits.

  • Boosts immunity – It can modulate the immune system to be more effective at clearing infections such as the common cold, influenza, bacterial infections such as MRSA, and candida infections. [1]
  • Cancer – AHCC has been shown in clinical studies to reduce the recurrence of cancer and is effective for many types including stomach, cold, breast, thyroid and pancreatic cancer. Where it does not enhance survival for more severe cancers, patients quality of life remains higher. AHCC boosts Natural killer cells, as well as interferon, IL-12 and TNF-alpha to help suppress and kill tumors [2].
  • Chemo side effects – Due to the antioxidant and immune system modulating effects, AHCC is able to reduce side effects of chemotherapy like hair loss, nausea,  elevated liver enzymes and bone marrow suppression. [2]
  • Anti-inflammatory and Prebiotic – It may help with people who have inflammatory bowel disease or colitis by inhibiting level of pro-inflammatory cytokines and increasing levels of good bacteria in the gut because it also is a prebiotic and feeds good bacteria. [3]
  • Reduce glucose and stress – AHCC is also able to reduce the level of stress hormones and glucose, thereby reducing the risk of diabetes.
  • Helps depression –  The mushroom blend has been shown to improve the well-being of people who are under mental stress and reduce the symptoms associated with depression and poor sleep quality. It also is able to correct immune system dysfunction and normalize hormones in the body that have been affected by stress and depression. [4]
  • Eliminates HPV Virus – One study performed on women who were given AHCC had HPV completely eliminated when they took the supplement for six months. Their test came back negative, and this prompted further study and a phase 2 clinical trial.

Note: Before considering AHCC as a treatment, please consult with your doctor beforehand. This article is for informational purposes only.

AHCC is a unique and powerful supplement which is great to take on a daily basis to protect against diseases and aging, as well as using together with proper medical care.

It’s amazing that we have these powerful compounds in nature that are able to drastically affect and improve human health.

AHCC is certainly one supplement that deserves a lot more attention than it has been getting.

One of the problems is that the supplement can be costly if you’re taking it every day, so perhaps it’s best to take it when you need it or cycle it.

Take the supplement for a few months and then have a break and go back to it later. Perhaps take it just in the wintertime when you’re at a greater risk of catching an infection.

Watch the video below where Dr. Pescatore discusses all of the research which has been done and why it’s an important supplement to take because of its immune system properties.


How to choose the best AHCC Supplement

Now you know a little bit about the benefits of taking AHCC (and there are many more!) how do you decide which supplement is best?

You want to make sure that the supplement contains the proprietary mushroom blend which is responsible for the powerful immune system enhancing effects.

For quality control, it’s also best to choose to use a supplement from a well-known company that manufactures these supplements in an FDA facility and adheres to strict standards.

Below are three supplements which I believe are the highest quality AHCC supplements available.

#1 PREMIUM – Kinoko Platinum AHCC Supplement

This AHCC supplement provides a large dose of AHCC – 1.5 grams per serving (2 capsules) and you get one month supply.

Quality of Life Labs won “Best New Product” of the year for its AHCC supplement and is one of Japan’s best selling immune system enhancer and is used at various medical establishments such as Yale Medical School.

One great thing about this supplement is that it has been tested for its efficacy and has been used in clinical trials on humans. Therefore you can be sure of its quality.

The supplement was also created in an FDA certified facility in the USA.

The main benefits uses of this supplement are the following:

  • Help maintain a healthy immune system
  • Increase natural killer cell activity to fight off viruses and cancer cells
  • Helps promote T Cell activity
  • Enhances the production of cytokines to offer both anti-inflammatory and pro-inflammatory effects where needed
  • One of the best AHCC supplements for HPV

Note: They also have a cheaper version of AHCC which gives you 500 mg per capsule.

See more information and current price.


#2 NOW Foods AHCC Immune System Support Supplement

NOW Foods are one of the leading supplement brands out there which provide high-quality supplements for over 50 years.

Their products are sourced from sustainable places and try to have minimal impact on the environment.

As with the previous supplement, each capsule contains 750 mg of AHCC proprietary extract derived from the hybridized mushrooms known for their amazing immune-enhancing effects.

The supplement is also suitable for vegetarians and vegans and is free from many ingredients such as preservatives, gluten, soy, and shellfish.

There is no information that I am aware of which states that this supplement specifically has been used in clinical trials, and that’s why I’ve put it as the second choice. Although, as someone who has used NOW Foods supplements for over 10 years, I trust them and their quality.

Many of the reviews for this supplement are quite positive. I recommend that you check them out.

See more information and current price.


#3 Quality of Life AHCC RX

AHCC from the same brand as earlier, but this time with a few differences and perhaps better for a person who is on a budget right now and can’t afford the premium product.

This supplement contains just 600 mg of AHCC (2 capsules) and will last 30 days at this dose. It’s significantly less than what you’d get in the premium product, but still enough to have some immune-system boosting effects.

This version of AHCC also contains many other ingredients which some people might want to avoid such as soy and carrageenan.

That being said, you’d be getting a supplement which has been clinically tested and researched, which is more than many other AHCC products out there.

See more information and current price.


How to take AHCC

To get the most out of the supplement, it is advised that you take AHCC on an empty stomach. You can take it either 30 minutes before a meal or 1 – hours after a meal. But if you have to take it at meal time, then this is fine, and shouldn’t affect the absorption hugely.

AHCC can be taken indefinitely or as needed.  Long-term studies have been conducted on AHCC and they show that there are no toxic effects at normal doses and the supplement does not seem to lose its effectiveness if you continue to take it.

Frequently asked questions about AHCC

Below are some of the most frequently asked questions regarding its uses.

1. Should you take AHCC if you are healthy and don’t suffer from a health condition?

AHCC is a natural food supplement and safe to take daily in healthy individuals. A lower dose between 500 – 1000 mg will offer immune system support and prime the immune system to attack invaders like bacteria, viruses, and fungal infections.

Every day you have exposed to pathogens and your immune system goes into action quickly to deal with them to stop you from becoming sick. AHCC will help your immune system stay on the alert for invaders without overstimulating the immune system.

AHCC can be therefore very useful if you know you are at going to be at a higher risk of infection like when you travel on a plane, studying for exams, going into hospital or if there are bugs going around.

2. Can AHCC be used in combination with other immune system supplements?

The short answer is yes. There are many foods and supplements which help fight off pathogens and boost the immune the system.

If you want to see the best results from AHCC, you want to make sure that you are consuming adequate amounts of nutrients involved in a healthy immune system such as Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, Zinc, and Selenium.

Other supplements like garlic, quercetin, and green tea can be helpful in both fighting pathogens so your immune system has to do less work while the AHCC makes your immune system more effective.

3. Can eating mushrooms provide the same benefits as taking AHCC?

It provides a significant amount of alpha-glucans which are better absorbed by the body and that’s why it’s more effective than various beta-glucan supplements you may find in various mushrooms that are edible.

Many supplements also contain beta-glucan and no alpha-glucans. The reason why alpha glucans are more effective because they have a lower molecular weight.

4. Can AHCC be taken with other medications?

AHCC is generally safe to take with supplements and medications. However, can increase the enzyme CYP450 2D6 which is involved in processing certain medications.

These medications include things like Ondansetron and Sertraline (Zoloft). If you’re concerned, it’s best you speak with your doctor and pharmacist and they will be able to guide you if you tell them which enzyme this mushroom extract affects.

5. How can I make AHCC more effective?

When taking a supplement to boost your immune system, you want to get the most benefit out of it. Therefore you should also do various things to improve your health and well being.

  • Maintain a healthy body weight with a BMI between 19 – 24
  • Manage your stress levels because this can change how your immune system functions
  • Make sure that you’re eating a nutritious diet which is full of plant foods. Go for fruits, vegetables, nuts, and seeds
  • Be involved in the community, stay socially active. These are important for mental-wellbeing and can help reduce the chances of developing depression
  • Maintain healthy sleep habits. Make sure that you get between 7-9 hours of sleep. Sleep more if you find yourself waking up tired in the morning.
  • Avoid smoking, drinking and taking other substances which harm health
  • Try to spend time in a less polluted and toxic environment. Get clean air more often if you can.

Does Green Tea Help With Colds and Coughs?

sick with a sore throat and a cold
Adults develop between 2-4 colds per year, while children develop between 5-10 colds.

Green tea has many healing properties as well as preventing common diseases and conditions which afflict us all at one point. The common cold causes untold misery for millions of people each year, but what if there was a way you could prevent them by simply drinking or gargling green tea?

Green tea has been studied for its amazing health benefits and its ability to kill common pathogens which cause disease in humans. It has many powerful attributes: the antioxidants in green tea are able to block or kill bacteria and have the ability to prevent viral infections when consumed either as a tea or supplement.

The common cold and flu are caused by different viruses. There are so many of them going around all the time, but typically you’d be at more risk of catching an infection in the winter or in the fall when the kids go back to school.

Knowing how to protect yourself using natural remedies may help reduce the risk of developing a cold and an annoying cough by having direct antiviral, antibacterial, and anti-inflammatory effects. Another benefit is that EGCG found in green tea is able to prime or boost the immune system to be ready to attack these invaders quickly.

So does green tea help prevent a cold?

Research over the last 15 years suggests that yes, regular consumption of green tea may prevent a cold and reduce the number of days being ill.

How does green tea prevent the common cold and flu?

The reason why green tea can be so effective at preventing a cold and flu is that it contains several types of catechins which prevent viral replication and also prevent the virus from actually infecting the cell. EGCG and other catechins are also able to effectively block neuraminidase activity as well as alter the membrane of influenza viruses which weaken its ability to infect human cells.

The mechanisms of how green tea is able to do this have been studied in the hopes that pharmaceutical companies could develop a more effective or synthetic version of this compound.

Gargling green tea is believed to be an effective way of preventing a cold or the flu, but to enjoy the full benefits, you should also drink the tea so it is absorbed into the system where it can help boost your immune system.

Gargling tea may also provide significant anti-inflammatory benefits and help relieve sore throats that are normally present with a productive cough.

Green tea also contains an amino acid called theanine which has been shown to help prevent infection by boosting T cell function. Check out my article for more information on how much l-theanine in each type of green tea.

What is the evidence?

So now you know a little bit about what green tea can do for you, let’s look at some of the evidence behind these claims by looking at studies in humans.

Study 1 – Green tea Prevents Influenza in Children (Japanese study)

Researchers looked at the effect of green tea on children because as we all know, viruses spread more rapidly among children because they are in close proximity to each other, and then from there, spread the virus to adults.

They looked 2663 pupils in 9 different Japanese schools. The study found that consumption of 1-5 cups of green tea per day, but not more, was inversely associated with the incidence of Flu. They saw a decrease in flu incidence between 46 – 50% compared to less than one cup per day. [1]

One of the downsides of this study was that they were surveyed and sometimes these can be unreliable ways of collecting data.

However, one strong point of the study was they were able to verify in many students if they were infected with influenza and not some other type of virus.

Study 2 – Green tea prevents infection in healthcare workers

Healthcare workers can be at increased risk of developing infections because of their environment and proximity to ill patients. So researchers wanted to know if green tea could reduce the risk of infection.

This time, in a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, researchers got 200 healthcare workers to take part in a trial where one group received the green tea supplement and the other group had a placebo.

Over a period of 5 months, the incidence of infection in both groups was looked at to see if green tea was effective compared to the placebo.

The incidence of flu in subjects taking the green tea/theanine supplement was reported at 4.1% compared to 13.1% for the placebo.

Green tea was therefore deemed to be an effective preventative for infection with the flu. [2]

Study 3 – Camellia sinensis prevents the common cold

Green tea or otherwise known as Camellia sinensis was given to healthy subjects between the age of 18 – 70 years old to see if it was able to reduce incidence and symptoms of viral infections as well as boosting the immune system.

In the patients taking the green tea, there were 32.1% fewer subjects with symptoms and they also had 35.6% fewer symptom days compared to the placebo.

The immune cells, in particular, Gamma delta T Cells in the CFS group proliferated 28% more and also secreted 26% more IFN-gamma in response to antigens.

Once again, this study confirms the potent immune-boosting and anti-viral effects against common pathogens. [3]

Study 4 – Gargling green tea prevents influenza in elderly

Tea with catechin extracts was given to elderly residents in Japan to see if it could prevent infection, which can be deadly, especially to older people.

The group who received the green tea were given an extract solution of 200 microg/mL of catechins with 60% being EGCG. There was also a placebo group in which the treatment was compared against.

Over the period of 3 months, only one resident (1.3%) developed the flu compared to five (10%) of the placebo group. There were also no adverse side effects in any group.

Should you supplement or drink tea?

The main reason why tea works appear to be because of its EGCG and Theanine content. This varies widely from different types of tea like Matcha or Sencha, and therefore you may get different results.

One of the surest ways you know you’re getting EGCG is to take a supplement. I’ve experimented by emptying the green tea capsule out and mixing that with water and believe me, it’s not nice! So I don’t recommend doing that.

If you’re going to have green tea, I recommend that you try out some of the premium green tea brands which are known for their high level of theanine and polyphenols like EGCG.

How to make it more effective?

If you want to prevent infections, you need to make sure that you’re not deficient in any important vitamins and minerals.

One experience I’ve had in the past is developing multiple infections in a row after becoming deficient in zinc.

If you have a high plant-based diet or are vegan, you may want to consider taking a zinc supplement, especially if you’re noticing that you’re developing symptoms of a deficiency which I talk more about here.

Also, check out my article on how to use garlic with green tea for a sore throat.

Consider adding the following to your tea

  • Licorice
  • Turmeric
  • Ginger
  • Lemon

Conclusion

Green tea has many uses and is a safe drink to consume in moderate quantities. If you’re going to drink tea, you should not drink any more than 10 cups of tea per day. Too much tea can also be quite harmful to the liver.

According to research conducted, it seems that green tea is indeed an effective remedy for preventing and treating colds, flu, and coughs. So with this knowledge, hopefully you’ll survive the winter without catching a cold! 🙂

What Is The Best DIM Supplement Without Soy

Diindolylmethane or otherwise known as DIM is a compound which is formed in the body when you consume cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli, kale, and brussel sprouts. DIM has been studied for its numerous health benefits and hormone-balancing effects in the body.

Now, if you’re searching for a DIM supplement, I’d imagine you probably know a little about this amazing compound and what it could do for you.

Before I share a few DIM supplements without soy, I’d like to talk a little about the health benefits because there has been years of research on this compound and has some very important benefits you should know about.

Health Benefits of DIM

diindolylmethane benefits

DIM appears to have multiple biological activities whereby it improves human health, and research over the last few years have confirmed why we should all be eating more cruciferous vegetables or taking a DIM supplement.

The main reasons for getting more DIM include the following

  • Fights cancer – It may protect against hormone-dependent cancers by impacting estrogen metabolism in a positive way.
  • Potent anti-viral – Appears to have significant anti-viral effects against the HPV virus and may help women with cervical dysplasia.
  • Increase bone mass – Studies show that DIM may help increase bone mass by suppressing bone reabsorption.
  • Boost immune system – Has been shown to elevate immune cells involved in the killing of virally infected cells and cancer cells.
  • Balances out hormones – Helps remove harmful xenoestrogens from the body and maintain a normal level of good estrogen as well as free testosterone in men.
  • Potent anti-inflammatory – Able to suppress the release of several pro-inflammatory cytokines which lead to chronic inflammation in the body.
  • Improve acne – Due to its hormone balancing effects, DIM may help improve acne. However, most of this evidence is anecdotal (see acne.org).
  • Prostate diseases –  According to research, DIM may be beneficial for men with BPH, which is enlargement of the prostate.

Choosing a DIM supplement which is Soy Free

When you’re trying to balance out your hormones, it’s not unusual to also want a supplement that doesn’t contain any soy.

One of the reasons for this is the controversy around soy and its effect on hormones in both men and women. And of course, it also contains phytoestrogens which do have biological effects in the body.

So now let’s take a look a 3 good DIM supplements which have no soy in them.

#1. DIM Supplement with BioPerine – No Soy and Vegan-friendly

One of the most popular DIM supplements is from Smoky Mountain Naturals.

It was created for helping both men and women deal with hormone related issues by corrective estrogen dominance, which can lead to negative health effects.

For women: the supplement was designed to help with menopause symptoms and PCOS. And as a benefit of resolving hormone imbalance, helping women shift excess body fat.

For men: Men can benefit from taking this supplement because it helps block the enzyme which is responsible for the conversion of testosterone into estrogen. This can be a problem for aging men in particular.

It also helps boost testosterone naturally, and this, in turn, will help improve muscle mass, especially if combined with weight lifting exercise.

Acne fighter: Hormonal acne can affect both men and women, but DIM is able to balance out hormones and reduce oil production in the skin which leads to blocked pores and spots.

Features: This supplement contains 200 mg of DIM, which is as much as you’d get from eating around two pounds of cruciferous vegetables. To increase absorption, they’ve also added BioPerine, so you get more out of the supplement.

Another great benefit is that the supplement is cruelty-free, suitable for vegetarians and vegans, and doesn’t contain any gluten, dairy or soy.

They also have another supplement available which contains many other synergistic ingredients.

Contains: 200 mg Diindolylmethane .

See reviews and current price.


#2. JAZZEE Naturals DIM Supplement with Bioperine  – No Soy and Vegan-friendly

If you’re on a budget and want something which will last you a long time, then this supplement is good value. You get 120 capsules per bottle which will last you 4 months.

They’ve kept the supplement pretty basic with just three main ingredients: DIM (250 mg), Broccoli extract (100 mg) and BioPerine (10mg) to help improve absorption.

Compared to the previous supplement it contains 4 x the Bioperine, further increasing the value because you’ll be able to absorb more Diindolylmethane.

It’s great they also added broccoli extract in the supplement because broccoli contains many other beneficial phytochemicals and nutrients which are beneficial to health.

This supplement is great for men and women who are looking for a high-quality DIM supplement to take.

Features: Jazzee Natural DIM has many good things about it. It is organically stabilized, meaning you get none of the chemical fillers and artificial ingredients. It’s also manufactured in an FDA certified facility, so you can expect good quality control.

The supplement is also good for people with common allergies because it’s free from gluten, soy, milk, eggs, fish and tree nuts.

Contains: 250 mg Diindolylmethane.

See reviews and current price.


#3. Optimal DIM Supplement for Estrogen Balance – No Soy and Vegan-friendly

A DIM supplement containing many other natural ingredients is what caught my eye. It contains several cruciferous vegetable extracts such as broccoli sprout, organic brussels sprout, organic kale leaf, and organic cauliflower head.

It also adds in its own proprietary absorption complex to help increase absorption of Diindolylmethane.

Optimal DIM was created to help people fight weight gain caused by hormone balance, hormonal acne, improve energy, and to improve estrogen metabolism in women and men.

You get 200 mg of DIM, which is comparable to the previous two supplements, but only two months supply.

What I really like about this supplement is that it contains organic and natural ingredients, and also goes for a more holistic approach by including several cruciferous vegetable extracts.

Features: contains a proprietary blend of ingredients to boost absorption in the stomach and therefore you get more for your money. It also made in a GMP facility and is 3rd party tested, so you know what you’re getting.

The supplement is also free from many problematic ingredients like dairy, wheat, nuts, soy, gelatin, eggs, and shellfish. And free from preservatives.

A great premium-grade supplement for everyone.

Contains: 200 mg Diindolylmethane.

See reviews and current price.


DIM Dosage Recommendations

DIM is generally safe to take and has been tested in clinical trials in humans for its effects on prevention and treating disease, as well as looking at any potential toxic effects

Doses of up to 300 mg appear to be safe according to some clinical trials [1]. Due to insufficient data on safety, it is not recommended that you take doses higher than 300 mg.

Diindolylmethane (DIM) is NOT recommended for children.

How To Use Garlic for a Sore Throat (4 Easy Ways!)

A sore throat can be caused by many different things. The most painful ones are usually due to either a viral infection or bacterial infection, but they can also be caused by allergies, smoke, and even talking too much. There are many remedies which help soothe a sore throat that we can buy from the store, but sometimes simple herbs in our kitchen like garlic may be able to prevent and treat a sore throat.

Hay fever season is upon us and many people are suffering. I know what it feels like because I also used to suffer from hay fever until I changed my diet. It can leave you with a very sore throat, and also put you at a great risk of developing infections due to the inflammation and mucous build up which traps bacteria and viruses.

Consuming raw garlic with your meals may be able to help reduce that inflammation and help stop a sore throat, but simply adding the ingredient to food might not be the most effective way to use garlic.

Best ways to use garlic for a sore throat

The problem with just adding garlic to our meals is the instability of the powerful organosulfur compound called allicin. When you crush the little cloves, you get a reaction between alliin and allinase, and this creates allicin.

This process can take several minutes, but because allicin is so unstable, you need to consume the garlic in a short period of time while it retains its potency. Of course, there are stabilized garlic supplements available which contain allisure, but you really want the garlic to have direct contact with the bacteria or viruses rather than simply taking a pill.

Garlic can cause chemical burns, so it’s important that you avoid this because they can be quite painful. I’ve heard terrible stories about how some people used garlic on their skin and ended up with a serious burn.

Here are a few ways you can use garlic to help you prevent and cure a sore throat

1. Garlic and Manuka Honey Mix

Using garlic and honey is a powerful combination because they both possess antimicrobial properties, while the honey is able to coat the throat helping sooth the inflammation and act as an anti-inflammatory. This is my favorite and easiest way to deal with a sore throat that I feel coming on!

To get help relief from a sore throat, follow the steps below:

  • Peel and crush between 2-4 cloves of garlic. Using a garlic crusher is the most effective way to do this.
  • Throw the crushed garlic in a bowl
  • Take around 1 tablespoon of Manuka honey (the higher the UMF the better), and mix with the crushed garlic cloves in the bowl.
  • Leave the mix for about 5 minutes to allow the allicin to be released
  • You may eat this as is or better still just make some toast, drizzle a tablespoon of olive oil on the toast and then spread the garlic and honey mix across the bread. As garlic can be quite potent and difficult to consume by itself, consuming it with some food will be easier on the mouth and stomach

Note: I’ve heard many people say that you should leave the mix in a container overnight, but doing this would cause the garlic to lose its potency and not be effective. For vegans who also avoid honey (I know it’s controversial), you may simply mix the garlic with olive oil.

If your sore throat is caused by a cold, then you will need to use this method at the first sign of the cold, usually a scratchy throat. Once the virus has established itself, this remedy will be less effective.

2. Garlic Tea with ginger, lemon and honey

Sipping a warm cuppa can help soothe your sore throat and is my 2nd favorite way to help ease a sore throat when I have one.

Follow the steps below on how to use garlic in tea for a sore throat.

  • Get a saucepan and put around 3-4 cups of water in there
  • Add 3-5 cloves of freshly crushed garlic or just slice them in half
  • Bring the water to a boil
  • Once it is boiling, lower to simmer, and then add ginger, 3-4 tablespoons of honey, 1/2 cup of freshly squeezed lemon juice
  • You may also add matcha green tea powder which will boost the antiviral, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory properties of the tea. Green tea also helps reduce the smell of garlic breath.

Drink this throughout your day to help prevent and relieve a sore throat either from an infection or allergies.

3. Licorice Root and Garlic tea

Licorice root is great to use with garlic because of its ability to soothe the stomach and help prevent the irritating effects of garlic on the stomach. Licorice is also often used in cough mixtures and alternative cough medicines to help soothe a sore throat and cough.

You can simply buy licorice tea from the store (they are often found in many supermarkets) or you can make your own licorice/garlic mix tea.

If you want to make your own licorice tea, then follow the steps below.

  • Pour around 4 – 6 ounces of water into a saucepan
  • Add crushed garlic to the saucepan
  • Throw about 1 teaspoon of licorice root powder and stir heat up slowly
  • Once boiling, turn off and leave the ingredients steep in the water for a few minutes until warm
  • Once warm, you may then add honey if you wish to help thicken up the mix
  • Use a strainer to pour into the cup
  • Enjoy!

4. Chewing raw garlic

One of the ways used by many people to help cure a sore throat is to simply chew the garlic. As you chew the garlic, you will cause the garlic compartments to release the enzyme to create allicin while in the mouse. Depending on much you chew, this will slowly release the allicin over time.

This is my least favorite way of using garlic to help a sore throat, but one that I see a lot of people teaching. There are a few risks using this method like causing garlic burns to the gums and throat, accidental choking, and even vomiting due to the potency of the garlic.

I would recommend against this method for dealing with a sore throat. But if done carefully, it could be effective.

Important!

Garlic can be used to help prevent and heal sore throats but it should be not be used instead of antibiotics when they are needed. For example, if you suspect you are suffering from strep throat, an abscess which may block airflow, then these require medical assistance from a doctor and antibiotics.

Garlic is best used as a  complementary treatment in such cases. I always recommend that you seek doctors advice first before trying to self-treat using natural remedies.

Why is garlic effective?

Garlic contains many different organosulfur compounds which each have unique properties like antimicrobial properties in that it can kill pathogens, block communication between bacteria, and help boost the immune system to deal with the infection.

Garlic also has the ability to block powerful inflammatory cytokines and immune cells in the body which are responsible for excessive inflammation and overreaction to harmless things like dust mites and pollen.

Many studies have been conducted on garlic and its ability to fight colds, bacterial infections, and superbugs like MRSA. Studies have shown garlic to be effective in animals who have fungal and bacterial infections. Most of the studies have used a stabilized garlic extract which contains significant amounts of allicin.

Below are a few results from studies conducted on garlic and pathogens which cause a sore throat in humans.

Common cold and Flu

In 2009, a study was published on the use of garlic for preventing and treatment of the common cold. Colds cause untold misery for millions of people each year and many days of missed work and lost voices.

The study involved 146 volunteers who either used the garlic supplement containing 180 mg of allicin or a placebo. The trial lasted just 12 weeks, and the people in the study would report if they developed a cold and how long their symptoms lasted for.

The results confirmed what we already knew about garlic! While 65 people in the placebo group developed a cold, only 24 in the garlic group got one in that period of time. The number of days for the garlic group was also much less at 111 days in total vs 366 for the placebo. [1]

Amazing results! It wasn’t the first trial to show that garlic is effective for the common cold, but it met certain criteria whereby researchers were satisfied with the study design and methodology.

In another study, this time looking at the effect of different natural foods and teas on influenza, researchers found that garlic was among those which were effective at preventing influenza from docking and infection of the cells.

The study was in vitro but shows that allicin has the capability of blocking neuraminidase activity and thus blocking viral infection. [2]

Reducing smell of garlic

It’s great that garlic is so effective at helping a sore throat, but if you consume too much of it, even about 3-4 cloves a day, you’ll definitely end up smelling a little like garlic within a day or two. Trust me on that one!

Although I’ve never really tested this out myself, scientists have researched which foods are the best at helping mask or take away the garlic smell.

The foods they recommend you use are:

  • Apples
  • Lemon juice
  • Mint
  • Basil and Parsley

For non-vegans, research suggests that a small glass of milk (around 200  ml) may help reduce garlic breath by up to 50%.

Also check out Dr. Axe tips on how to kick a cold fast!

 

Conclusion

There are many different uses for garlic, but I have found that it to be particularly effective for sore throats, especially if used very soon after you feel you’re getting sick. If you haven’t tried using garlic before, then give it a try next time you feel like you have a cold coming on! And if you don’t want to end up smelling of garlic, you can also take a supplement.

How to Boost Immune System When Sick with a Cold or Flu

With the winter coming up, people are naturally looking for fast ways to boost their immune system using supplements and foods. Fortunately, nature provides us with some powerful ingredients which can give improve your immune system and prevent you from catching those bugs.

To get the most out of these compounds, you should make sure that you are getting all the recommended nutrients in your diet. One of the reasons people often get sick is because they have a lowered immune system from a poor diet. Correcting deficiencies will normalize immune function, which is great! But below are some ways to put your immune system on high alert so it acts faster in the presence of pathogens.

Looking For a Fast Way To Boost Your Immune System?

If you feed your body all the essential nutrients, and you have good sleeping habits, then you’re already going to do a lot better in fighting off these bugs. You can further protect yourself by incorporating a few different foods and supplements into your diet. I always recommend having these at hand all times of the year, but you should at least make sure you have them ready for the winter when you’re most likely to get sick.

1. GARLIC

Fast way to boost immune system using garlic

Garlic is a great ingredient that can be added to many different foods and has many health benefits, not just the immune system boosting effects. Garlic’s man active component is called allicin, which is created when the cloves are crushed and alliinase reacts with alliin.

When using garlic, I recommend that you crush the garlic and leave it for a few minutes, and then consume it with something. From my experience, when I felt I was developing a scratchy throat (sign of a cold), I crushed at least 4 cloves of garlic and spread it on some bread with some olive oil. It can be strong, so be careful not to burn your mouth! But it’s very effective.

If you don’t fancy smelling of garlic by eating them all day, you can additionally take one capsule of Allicin per day which is equivalent getting the same amount of allicin as you’d get by eating 25 cloves of garlic, but now without the smell. One study showed that these capsules reduced the incidence of colds and significantly improved recovery time.

Garlic is one of the best natural remedies to boost your immune system and cure early-stage infections, but not effective for colds if the infection has gone too far. There are many studies published on the antimicrobial effects of garlic and allicin on PubMed for the prevention and treatments of bacterial, viral, and fungal infections either alone or in combination with antibiotics.

If there is one food or supplement I’d recommend everyone take, or have close at hand, it’d be garlic.

Other benefits: garlic lowers blood pressure, reduces AGE’s, lowers glucose, improves the gut by altering gut bacteria (which is also part of our immune system).

2. GINSENG

Ginseng is a fast way to boost immune systemGinseng has been touted to have many medicinal properties. It’s a treatment that has been used for many years for colds and flu in countries like Korea and China. North American Ginseng appears to be the most powerful in the treatment of acute respiratory infection.

Studies have found that this common herb can significantly shorten the length of colds by 6.2 days, and the best effect is when it’s taken preventatively for two to for months.

Ginseng reduced the number of colds by around 25% in five trials examining the effects of North American Ginseng (Panax quinquefolius).

Tips: Ginseng can be added to hot water to make ginseng tea, add to smoothies. It’s available in many different forms.

Other benefits: Helps boost metabolism to lose weight, increases stamina, and lower blood sugar.

3. GREEN TEA

Green tea is a quick way to boost immune system

Green tea is one of my favorite drinks. There’s an old Chinese proverb which says: “Rather three days without food than a day without tea”. I think drinking tea has almost become a ritual for me. First thing I do in the morning makes a cup of green tea.

Green Tea contains many different compounds or polyphenols which promote health. Two of the main components in helping boost the immune system are EGCG and L-Theanine. Studies suggest that the compound EGCG directly inhibits entry and replication of viruses like the common cold, influenza, and others. Tea primes the immune system so it can more quickly fight off infections before they have a chance to take hold.

Tips: Add some ginger and lemon to your tea to make even better. Citrus fruits may boost the benefits of drinking green tea and ginger contains gingerols which help block inflammation, and also decrease nausea, which some people get from the tannins in green tea. Adding Manuka Honey to the tea is also a great idea if you have a bad throat and want to prevent bacterial throat infections. Gargling the tea might be more effective in preventing infections.

Other benefits: Boosts metabolism for weight loss, protects against diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure and more. In a study from Japan, researchers found that drinking 5 cups of green tea or more reduced all-cause mortality for women by 23% for Women and 12% for Men.

4. SHIITAKE MUSHROOMS

Mushrooms can boost immune system fast

There are many different types of mushrooms, but Shiitake mushrooms have proven to be one of the most powerful in boosting immune function. Mushrooms contain Beta Glucans which stimulate parts of the immune system as well as decrease the level of inflammation in the body.

They help us to better fight for viral and bacterial infection. Shiitake mushrooms boost natural killer cells which destroy abnormal cells, whether they are cancerous or been infected and viruses.

In a randomized study looking at human immunity with the consumption of mushrooms, researchers noted significant and beneficial changes in the immune system after just consuming 5 to 10 g of mushrooms daily. If you don’t like Mushrooms, you can alternatively take a Beta Glucan Supplement.

Beta Glucans have been studied for years looking at its immune system modulating effects, and to date, there have been over 6000 studies published looking at prophylaxis and treatment of infectious disease (read about some of them here).

A trial involving 162 people, researchers gave participants of the study beta glucan and found that people in the treatment group experienced 25% fewer colds.

Tips: Don’t continually take the supplement. I recommend that you take a beta glucan supplement or consume mushrooms intermittently. So consider taking the supplement during times when you’re stressed, lack sleep, or surrounding by sick people. There is some evidence that some of the immune system benefits/changes decrease with continued use.

Other benefits: May lower cholesterol, lower risk of cancer, and well being in general. Mushrooms also provide vitamin D.

5. ELDERBERRY

Elderberry can be used to help support a healthy immune system and protect you from developing colds. Elderberries contain anthocyanins which are strong antioxidants that help block free radical damage in the body. Studies have shown that elderberries are anti-inflammatory and immunostimulatory.

In 2016 a study was published looking at the development of colds and cold duration in Air-Travellers. The study was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial and it confirmed previous findings that this fruit protects against colds and reduces cold symptoms. The placebo group had a much longer duration of symptoms compared to the treatment group (117 vs 57, p = 0.02). Symptom score was also significantly higher in the placebo group vs treatment (583 vs 247, p = 0.05).

Tips: Use Elderberries in jams, sweets, pies and other foods. Do not eat them Raw! You can alternatively get some Gummies, which also contain vitamin A, C, D, E and Zinc for an improved immune system.

These are just some of the things you can do to boost your immune system, but of course, there are many more. Below I’ve listed a few posts so you can learn more about how to enhance your immune system to protect yourself from becoming sick whether it be from viruses, bacteria, a fungal infection. Or even cancer and autoimmune diseases. Without our immune system, we wouldn’t last long at all. If you want to live to a very old age, your immune system is something that you have to keep healthy. You have to slow down the immune system from aging or else you would die of illnesses such as pneumonia and other common infections.

See related posts on The Immune System

  1. Enhancing Your Immune System
  2. Fasting Rejuvenates The Immune System
  3. Intermittent Fasting With Valter Longo, Ph.D. Interview 
  4. Probiotics and Immunity
  5. Probiotic helps digestive health

Reviewed and updated: 08/2018

How to Enhance Your Immune System Naturally

How to Enhance Your Immune System Naturally

The immune system and CR. Methods to enhance resistance to infection.

We all die of something, whether it is a heart attack, stroke or cancer which are the major killers… and ranking up there is also death from infections. Usually, viral or bacterial infections can be fatal to many of the elderly because their immune systems are weak. So recently there has been a discussion about what if people eating a very healthy calorie-restricted diet do not die of the common killers, what would be likely to deliver that final blow. Many conclude infection-related death. Based on some of the evidence in animal models where infections such as influenza and bacterial infections are given to mice and looking at survival between ad libitum and calorie restricted groups, it seems that moderate to severe calorie restriction might increase the risk of death. It seems that in the CR group they do not have enough reserves before to keep them above a critically low weight to sustain life before their adaptive immune system has a chance to take control of the infection. Usually, during the time symptoms come on there is a marked decrease in appetite and the bodies resources go into fighting the infection. Fever, increasing metabolic rate, you expend more energy. As you can see below there is a decrease in body weight amongst both groups but the control animals maintain enough of their body weight to stay alive, whereas the CR group there is a downward trend and the mortality rate reaches 100%

“Weight loss occurs in mice with influenza infection due to a decrease in energy intake and an increase in energy demands. Young and aged mice can lose up to 35% of their body weight and recover from infection, which suggests a critical weight indicative of sufficient energy reserves to recover from infection. Lifelong ER results in a 30% decrease in starting weight that may be only marginally above this critical threshold. In the case of aged ER mice, 100% mortality was observed by d 7 (X), before an adaptive T cell response, suggesting a primary influence of underweight on innate immunity. Adapted from”[1].

In humans, the critical body weight in which there is a critical threat to life is a BMI of 13 in males and 11 in Females. In the study by Dr Luigi Fontana at Washing University in St Louis he has shown that the average BMI for people practicing long-term calorie restriction is 19.6 which is above the recommended normal bmi between 18.5-25. This might give more than enough reverses to survive an infection if such a weight is maintained. However, under more severe CR low body weights among humans have been reported as low as a BMI of 15, which could pose a risk to premature death if a severe infection were to occur. Antibiotics would be very useful in helping ensure that CR does work in humans and is not prevented by excess mortality due to infectious disease. If CR does retard the aging process in humans but the risk of death from infectious remains higher, then this might negate any potential lifespan extension that could be gained from lifelong calorie restriction. During previous times before antibiotics, periods of semi-starvation that would have extended the lives of those lived under such conditions if there were better hygiene and treatments for common bacterial infections that are usually easily treated today. Although antibiotics are currently becoming less effective because of the overuse and misuse of antibiotics, newer generations of antibiotics are expected to become available within the next 10 years. Recently, there have been calls for 10 new antibiotics by 2020, and these are to be completely new classes of antibiotics which will work in more novel ways than how the current antibiotics work.

Calorie Restriction improved immunity, theoretically and anecdotally… but what is the actual evidence?

In contrast to the animal evidence which suggests that CR might predispose humans to infections, there is little human evidence to back this up. So far the work on CR effect on immunity in humans hasn’t been looked at. Recently there was a study that showed those who have done short term calorie restriction have improved T cell function, which is crucial against viral infections. Actually, this is in-line with the animal evidence also. Also in Rhesus monkeys which are closer to humans biologically and genetically, also have reported having slowed aging of their immune systems. However, unfortunately, the human study was actually not the level of calorie restriction that is used in animal experiments or in the study by DR Fontana at WUSTL. These subjects were overweight and normalizing their weight by decreasing their calories by 30%, improved immunity. This is not a big surprise. Excess weight puts the body into a state of chronic low-grade inflammation, the immune system is chronically activated leading to immune system dysfunction other problems such as asthma, allergies, and autoimmune diseases.

Anecdotal reports from those that are practicing calorie restriction seem to be reporting less infections or absence of infections since starting calorie restriction. However, this might not be pure because of the calorie restriction itself but might be an effect of the foods that are consumed. Plant foods typically contain many compounds that have found to be beneficial in killing bacteria, viruses and fungi. Flavanoids, polyphenols, catechins from green tea, lactoferrin, fatty acids like omega 3, beta glucans which are all generally consumed in far greater amounts in a typical calorie restriction diet.

The combination of these compounds might have a synergistic effect in not only attenuating the decrease in immune systems capability to deal with the infection, but also directly inhibit infections. I will look at a few compounds that have shown to be promising in fighting infections.

Beta glucans – Beta glucans are derived from yeast and also oats. Oat beta glucans is mildly effective at increasing immunity, as shown in one study where they showed that in humans, oat beta glucan was able to offset the negative effects of exercise stress [2].

“Exercise stress was associated with a 28% increase in morbidity (P = 0.036) and 18% increase in mortality (P = 0.15). Ingestion of ObetaG before infection prevented this increase in morbidity (P = 0.048) and mortality (P = 0.05)”

The immune system modulating effects of beta glucans has been known for a couple of decades. When you ingest the beta glucan from yeast the glucan molecules are unaffected by the acid of your stomach and pass through unchanged, once they are absorbed into the blood they are taken up my phagocytes which digest them, and then over a period of days slowly release the glucan molecules and they attach to beta glucan receptors on the cell surface of macrophages.

This causes a cascade of effects which basically makes the immune system on alert, ready to attack any foreign invaders. Increased NK cytotoxicity, an increase in the number of macrophages which basically eat bacteria and dead cells and digest them within the lysosomes. Beta glucans increase a number of cytokines which attract immune cells to the site of infection, but without increasing IL-1 which is responsible for pyrexia.

One particular blend of alpha and beta glucans has a powerful effect on the immune system

* Increasing the production of cytokines

* Increasing the activity of NK cells by as much as 300-800%

* Increasing populations of macrophages, in some cases doubling them

* Increasing the number of dendritic cells

* Increasing the number of T cells by as much as 200%

I believe that a beta glucan supplement, even if periodically taken during times where infection risk is higher at times of influenza outbreaks, norovirus outbreaks etc… Then it can be taken at these times since the effect on immunity is quite rapid.

Direct inhibitors or of pathogens

Tea polyphenols – Catechins that are found in green tea and white tea have anti viral, antibacterial and antifungal properties, EGCG is able to work in many different ways. Again viruses it not only alters the protein coating around the virus but also blocks neuraminidase activity so that the virus is not able to be released from the host’s cell. A popular drug named drug oseltamivir which was widely used in the recent swine flu breakout also uses the same target to reduce symptoms of viral infections.

One study in a Japanese care home they reported that influenza was reduced by over 90% if green tea was gargled every day. But the sample size was small. Green tea is a very safe beverage and with plenty of other benefits even if it doesn’t offer complete protection against influenza infections.

Which are a big cause morbidity and death in the elderly? Secondary bacterial infections, lung infections primarily are the cause of death. EGCG can kill many times of bacteria, inhibit biofilm formation, and also enhance the effects of antibiotics so that they that they work better. In some cases reverse antibiotic resistance. Green tea also actually boosts the immune system.

“Among subjects taking CSF there were 32.1% fewer subjects with symptoms (P = 0.035), 22.9% fewer overall illnesses of at least 2 days duration (P = 0.092), and 35.6% fewer symptom days (P < p =” 0.017)” p =” 0.046)” style=”font-weight: bold;”>Vitamin D –

See more on green tea here

Vitamin D – This is one has had a lot of attention recently in the media. Researchers are beginning to understand its effects on immunity, and how it’s an immune system modulator. In that it basically makes the immune system smarter so that it can identify foreign pathogens and the innate immune system deals with it before it can take hold. Vitamin D3 when above a certain level in the blood is stored. Recent reports show that patients that take vitamin D3 report less colds and flu and it’s believed because vitamin D3 is a powerful inducer of LL37 peptides that punch holes in viruses, bacteria, and fungi [11]. It’s recommended that optimal levels of 25 (OH) D are above 32ng. 1000IU of vitamin D3 tends to raise blood levels but approx 10ng.

See more on vitamin D for vegans here

Lactoferrin – Lactoferrin protects the body by binding to iron so that that the bacteria cannot use it. In breast milk, there is a lot of lactoferrin and this is one of the reasons why babies who are breastfed have better immune systems. Lactoferrin coats anywhere where germs can gain entry into the body. Such as the nose, eyes, sex organs. Consuming lactoferrin supplements is thought to be beneficial in protecting against infections. Lactoferrin is part of the innate immune system and is one of the first barriers to infection.

Ginger – It is a well known antiemetic. Meaning, it prevents sickness and nausea. Some doctors instruct women to use it while pregnant and have got morning sickness; other uses are travel sickness, general nausea, and indigestion, acid reflux disease. The only one it doesn’t seem to be effective for is when using postoperatively (after operation with G.A). It can be also used to help unblock the noise and is a weak antiviral so could help with cold symptoms.

See more on the benefits of ginger and turmeric tea here

D Mannose – 90% of UTI infections are caused by E coli bacteria. Usually, D mannose is completely effective at being able to remove E coli from the bladder. Along the bladder surface, there are D mannose receptors which the E coli bacteria attach to. When you consume D mannose (which is found in small amounts in cranberry juice, also known for its ability to prevent infections by making the bladder wall slippery so that bacteria cannot attach) the D mannose is not absorbed by the body and majority of it ends up in the urine. Once you flush out your bladder the E coli detaches from the bladder wall and has a higher affinity for the D mannose within the urine. The best thing about this cure is that there is no chance for resistance and it will clear any antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Unfortunately for that unlucky 10 % of infections, D mannose might not work and antibiotics are usually required. I highly recommend D mannose, especially for women as they are much more prone to infections than men. Please read this site; http://www.d-mannoseworks.com/ D mannose is a lot more effective than cranberry juice.

See more information on D mannose treating a UTI here

Manuka Honey – at least 10UMF, which is the strength of the honey, is able to kill even the most resistant pathogens against antibiotics. In fact, the university hospital in Cardiff, Wales, have been testing on wounds [12]. Not only is it a great anti-inflammatory but it also helps kills MRSA infections and other pathogens. Consuming Manuka honey is good for the throat and could prevent any throat infections like strep throat, and it could also prevent stomach infections like H pylori and food poison.

Garlic – It has been known for a very long time that garlic was a good antibacterial, and antiviral. The compound responsible for this is the one that gives off that funny smell when you eat too much… but wouldn’t you rather just smell a bit of garlic than be sick? I know I would. There was a report a few years back saying that ‘garlic is the common cold cure’. Well not quite, however, it does seem to do a remarkable job at reducing the number of colds and reducing the number of days being ill. From BBC news website that reported on the garlic study

“Over a 90-day period during the winter when most colds occur, just 24 colds were recorded among those taking the supplement, compared to 65 amongst those taking the placebo. The study also found that those taking the supplement that did catch a cold were more likely to make a speedier recovery than those taking the placebo and the chances of re-infection following a cold were significantly reduced”

See more information on allicin max – garlic supplement here

Probiotics – Antibiotics that are taken so often destroy both good and bad bacteria. I recommend consuming probiotic yogurts or to get a probiotic supplement. This will improve immunity, calm the immune system to help allergies, and also protect from overgrowth of organisms that can disease.

AHCC and Beta glucans – If there was one supplement that I would take to increase resistance against pathogens it would be Beta-glucans, specifically AHCC because of the science behind it is quite strong. Please do read the references below for more detailed information on this compound, and visit the website http://www.ahccresearch.com/how-ahcc-works.html to look at other studies listed and how the ahcc works

See best probiotic supplements here

The combination of a good diet, calorie restriction, the knowledge of medicinal foods and modern medicine, I believe it’s possible to live a very long time. Be well. Free of disease, and live a long healthy life.

References

[1] Barry W. Ritz and Elizabeth M. Gardner. Malnutrition and Energy Restriction Differentially Affect Viral Immunity http://jn.nutrition.org/cgi/content/full/136/5/1141

[2] Davis JM, Murphy EA, Brown AS, Carmichael MD, Ghaffar A, Mayer EP. Effects of oat beta-glucan on innate immunity and infection after exercise stress. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15292739

[3] Messaoudi, J. Warner, M. Fischer, B. Park, B. Hill, J. Mattison, M. A. Lane, G. S. Roth, D. K. Ingram, L. J. Picker, D. C. Douek, M. Mori, and J. Nikolich-Zugich. Delay of T cell senescence by caloric restriction in aged long-lived nonhuman primates. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103 (51):19448-19453, 2006.

[4] Ahmed T, Das SK, Golden JK, Saltzman E, Roberts SB, Meydani SN. Calorie restriction enhances T-cell-mediated immune response in adult overweight men and women. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2009 Nov;64(11):1107-13. Epub 2009 Jul 28.

[5] Synergistic effect of nonspecific immunostimulation and antibiotics in experimental peritonitis. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3303398[

[6]Supplementation with active hexose correlated compound increases survival following infectious challenge in mice. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18752476?

[7] Active hexose correlated compound (AHCC) enhances resistance to infection in a mouse model of surgical wound infection. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17233570

[8] Prophylactic efficacy of a basidiomycetes preparation AHCC against lethal opportunistic infections in mice http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10946621

[9] Antiviral Res. 2005 Nov;68(2):66-74. Epub 2005 Aug 9 Antiviral effect of catechins in green tea on influenza virus http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16137775

[10] Rowe CA, Nantz MP, Bukowski JF, Percival SS.

Specific formulation of Camellia sinensis prevents cold and flu symptoms and enhances gamma,delta T cell function: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17914132

[11] Ziv OREN, Jeffrey C. LERMAN*, Gudmundur H. GUDMUNDSSON†, Birgitta AGERBERTH‡ and Yechiel SHAI Structure and organization of the human antimicrobial peptide LL-37 in phospholipid membranes: relevance to the molecular basis for its non-cell-selective activity http://www.biochemj.org/bj/341/0501/bj3410501.htm

[12] Is honey the answer to the MRSA crisis http://www.walesonline.co.uk/news/health-news/tm_objectid=16320886&method=full&siteid=50082&page=1&headline=is-honey-the-answer-to-the-mrsa-crisis–name_page.html